Bihar Plain

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
A poorly-drained flood-plain situated between alluvial fans, and overlain by meadow and saline soils. The site is made up of four subsites: Nagy-Kerek-tiszta at Püspökladány, Gatály at Szerep, ásvány at Bihardancsháza, and the largest site, which lies between Váncsod and Csökmõ. The area is dominated by saline grasslands, which form a mosaic with extensive arable lands. Human activities include cattle- and sheep-grazing, goose and arable farming.

Key biodiversity
An important area for birds of lowland dry grassland. The site is part of a wider network of grassland fragments and includes areas that hold important local populations of Otis tarda. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (8 wintering birds), Aquila heliaca (1-5 birds on passage).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Due to poor soil conditions the majority of the area is regarded as less favoured for agriculture purposes. Protection measures for Otis tarda are in place through MME, although extensive land-reclamation works, including the installation of irrigation systems, have destroyed areas of O. tarda habitat.

Protected areas
National Partial International None711 ha of IBA covered by Nature Conservation Area (Bihari legelõ, 711 ha). 17,095 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Protected Area (Bihari-sík, 17,095 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bihar Plain. Downloaded from on 10/08/2022.