PL137
Bieszczady Mountains


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2010 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia LC breeding 2004-2008 500-800 breeding pairs C6
Corncrake Crex crex LC breeding 2004-2008 500-550 males C1, C6
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding 2004-2008 30-40 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum LC breeding 2004-2008 20-30 breeding pairs C6
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus LC breeding 2004-2008 20-30 breeding pairs C6
Ural Owl Strix uralensis LC breeding 2004-2008 150-200 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo LC breeding 2004-2008 10-20 breeding pairs C6
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus LC breeding 2004-2008 40-50 breeding pairs C6
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina LC breeding 2004-2008 70-80 breeding pairs C6
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC breeding 2004-2008 10 breeding pairs C6
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis LC breeding 2004-2008 100-200 breeding pairs C6
Grey-faced Woodpecker Picus canus LC breeding 2004-2008 250-300 breeding pairs C6
Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus LC breeding 2004-2008 50-150 breeding pairs C6
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos LC breeding 2004-2008 80-100 breeding pairs C6
Barred Warbler Curruca nisoria LC breeding 2004-2008 100-200 breeding pairs C6
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis LC breeding 2004-2008 1,200-1,500 breeding pairs C6
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva LC breeding 2004-2008 700-1,100 breeding pairs C6

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2010).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2008 favourable high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes population medium

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Crex crex Corncrake 700 700 males 100 favourable
Pernis apivorus European Honey-buzzard 50 50 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Clanga pomarina Lesser Spotted Eagle 60 60 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Zwiezło Rezerwat Przyrody 8 protected area contained by site 0
Zswie/zl/o Nature Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2
Zakole NR (Peatbog Reserve) Nature Reserve 5 unknown 5
Zakole Nature Reserve 5 unknown 5
Zakole Rezerwat Przyrody 5 protected area contained by site 5
Wschodniobeskidzki Obszar Chronionego Krajobrazu Obszar Chronionego Krajobrazu 99,912 protected area overlaps with site 0
Woronikówka Rezerwat Przyrody 15 protected area contained by site 15
Wetlina Nature Reserve 99 protected area contained by site 99
Tarnawa Nature Reserve 34 protected area contained by site 34
Śnieżyca wiosenna w Dwerniczku Rezerwat Przyrody 5 protected area contained by site 0
Sine Wiry Rezerwat Przyrody 453 protected area contained by site 450
Puszcza Bieszczadzka nad Sanem Nature Reserve 499 protected area contained by site 499
Przóom Solinki Nature Reserve 3 protected area contained by site 3
Przełom Osławy pod Duszatynem Rezerwat Przyrody 322 protected area overlaps with site 0
Park Krajobrazowy Doliny Sany Landscape Park 34,866 protected area contained by site 34,866
Park Krajobrazowy Doliny Sanu Park Krajobrazowy 27,728 protected area overlaps with site 0
Olszyna Łęgowa w Kalnicy Rezerwat Przyrody 14 protected area contained by site 0
Olszyna L/êgowa w Kalnicy Nature Reserve 14 protected area contained by site 14
Olsza Kosa w Stężnicy Rezerwat Przyrody 2 protected area contained by site 2
Lokiec Nature Reserve 140 protected area contained by site 10
Litmirz Nature Reserve 13 protected area contained by site 13
Krywe Rezerwat Przyrody 491 protected area contained by site 512
Hulskie im. Stefana Myczkowskiego Nature Reserve 190 protected area contained by site 190
Hulskie im. Stefana Myczkowskiego Rezerwat Przyrody 191 protected area contained by site 0
Goóoborze Nature Reserve 14 protected area contained by site 14
Gołoborze Rezerwat Przyrody 12 protected area contained by site 0
East Carpathians (POL) UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 113,846 protected area contains site 107,800
Dzwiniacz Nature Reserve 11 protected area contained by site 11
Cisy na Górze Jawor Rezerwat Przyrody 4 protected area contained by site 0
Cisy Rezerwat Przyrody 20 protected area contained by site 3
Ciśniańsko-Wetliński Park Krajobrazowy Park Krajobrazowy 51,461 protected area overlaps with site 51,146
Bieszczadzki Park Narodowy Park Narodowy 29,208 protected area contained by site 27,833
Bieszczady Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 111,519 protected area contains site 107,800
Bieszczady Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 111,519 protected area contains site 0

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland, Mixed woodland -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams -
Other -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Ruderal land -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
hunting -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Bieszczady Mountains. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/bieszczady-mountains-iba-poland on 21/02/2024.