Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve

Country/territory: Uzbekistan

IBA criteria met: A1, A3 (2006)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 11,431 ha

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2019 not assessed low high
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2006 baseline)
South-west spurs of Chatkal ridge, upper reaches of Kyzylsay river basin, inflow of Ahangaransay river.

Key biodiversity
Ornithological fauna includes 134 species of birds, including 110 nesting (Lanovenko, 1997). Ornithological complex of typical mountains and alpine and high mountains including: Aegypius monachus, Gyps fulvus, Aquila chrysaetos, Falco tinnunculus, Alectoris chukar, Columba palumbus, Otus scops, Merops apiaster, Anthus spinoletta, Motacilla cinerea, Phoenicurus ochruros, Oenanthe pleschanka, Turdus viscivorus, Phylloscopus griseolus, Parus bokharensis, Oriolus oriolus, Lanius minor, Corvus corone, Emberiza bruniceps. The introduced Acritheres tristis penetrates into the IBA’s territory from bordering shepherds' camps. Currently the species only breeds in the surrounding farmland. The following species of birds from the National Red Book also occur: Ciconia nigra, Gypaetus barbatus, Gyps himalayensis, Gyps fulvus, Circaetus gallicus, Aquila chrysaetos, Hieraaetus pennatus, Falco pelegrinoides. IUCN Red List species are: Aegypius monachus, Falco naumanni, Falco cherrug (all breeding) and Circus macrourus and Aquila clanga (passage).

Non-bird biodiversity: The fauna includes 2 species of amphibian, 10 species of reptile, 31 species of mammal and 3 species of fish. Of the fish, Cottus jaxartensis is included in the National Red Book, as are the mammals - Rhinolophus hipposideros, Tadarida teniotis and Ursus arctos. IUCN Red List mammals are Marmota menzbieri and Uncia uncia. The flora includes 1,036 species of vascular plants. Widely distributed are juniper, poplar and apple forests, wheat and prickly grasses.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023.