Barkol Lake and grassland

Country/territory: China (mainland)

IBA Criteria met: A1, A3, A4i (2009)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 98,000 ha

Site description
Located on the northern slope of the Tian Shan mountains, 110 km north-west of Hami City and 420 east of Urumqi. Barkol Lake is a salt lake with an area of 140 km2 which is surrounded by marshes and grassland, and there are coniferous forests in the southern part of the IBA. The IBA is a breeding and staging area for birds, and the lake is important for foraging waterbirds.

Key biodiversity

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected species include Equus hemionus, Gazella subgutturosa, Ovis ammon and Panthra uncia.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Barkol Lake and grassland. Downloaded from on 30/01/2023.