Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: Bandhavgarh National Park holds about 242 species of birds (Tyabji 1994). Besides the two Critically Endangered Gyps species, the Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus and Sarus Crane Grus antigone are also found. An interesting difference between Kanha and Bandhavgarh (both IBAs in central India) is the almost complete absence of the Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus in Kanha, while in Bandhavgarh it is just as abundant as the Oriental White-backed Gyps bengalensis. The steep cliffs of Bandhavgarh Hill provide suitable nesting habitats for the Long-billed Vulture. The Sal and Bamboo forests are good for the White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus, Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus, Red Spurfowl Galloperdix spadicea and Painted Spurfowl G. lunulata (Kazmierczak and Singh 1998). Tyabji (1994) found some interesting Himalayan and Sub- Himalayan bird species such as the Plain-backed Mountain Thrush Zoothera mollissima, Gold-fronted Chloropsis Chloropsis aurifrons, Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus, Dark-grey Bush Chat Saxicola ferrea and Dusky Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus. This proves that these species are more widely distributed and abundant than was believed earlier. In January 2002, Rufous-gorgeted or Orange-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata was seen near a resort close to Bijaria village (D’Cunha, in press). According to Ali and Ripley (1987), and Grimmett et al. (1999), it is an altitudinal migrant and winters in the Himalayan foothills. Till now, there is no record of this species in central India. The Malabar Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus, a Near Threatened species, is resident in the Western Ghats, East India and Sri Lanka (Grimmett et al. 1999). Regular sightings of this species in Bandhavgarh (Tyabji 1994), sometimes up to 13 individuals, including subadults, indicate that it is more widely distributed in central India than was believed earlier. The Sarus Crane breeds in this area, one chick was seen in July 1989 (Tyabji 1994). The site can be included in Biome-11, (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone). Out of the 59 species listed by BirdLife International (undated) for Biome-11, 32 are found in this IBA.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Bandhavgarh National Park is the place where the famous White Tigers of Rewa were discovered. The last known capture of a white tiger was in 1951. Bandhavgarh is densely populated with other animal species too. The faunal assemblage constitutes typical central Indian species.
Excess grazing pressure in buffer areas is a major problem. There are about 7,000 heads of cattle in 14 villages located inside the Reserve. Besides this, about 50,000 cattle from the surrounding villages put a lot of pressure on the Reserve. Charaching of wild animals, which come out of the core area, regularly takes place. Targeted poaching of animals such as the Tiger and Leopard is regularly reported in the media. A number of local tribes such as Bahelia and Paradhi, and local anti-social elements having connections with national and international smugglers pose a major threat. The management has to address this issue adequately and effectively. Crop damage by herbivores and cattle lifting by large carnivores creates enmity between the local agriculturists and the Park authorities. This can be tackled with proper management of the buffer zone, and timely compensation for crop/livestock damage.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bandhavgarh National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/05/2022.