Dikoe fen mire is one of Europe's largest natural fen mires.
A total of 99 bird species have been recorded, including 14 species listed in the National Red Data Book. The following nationally important bird species breed: Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa (2-3 pairs) and Eagle Owl Bubo bubo (2 pairs). The site is internationally important because it hosts large populations of several globally threatened species, including Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola, Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga, Corncrake Crex crex, and Great Snipe Gallinago media.
Non-bird biodiversity: 14 National Red Data Book plant species can be found at the site. Three of them (Carex umbrosa, Lycopodiella inundata, and Salix myrtilloides) were recently found on the site for the first time, in Pruzhany District. The eastern part of the mire contains the country's largest group of Betula humilis. The vertebrate fauna of the zakaznik is diverse and includes 28 mammal, four reptile, and five amphibian species. The mire hosts Lynx Felis linx, which is rare in the Belavezhskaia Pushcha National Park. Dikoe is also valuable for the conservation of the indigenous Belavezhskaia Pushcha population of Elk Alces alces.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Balota Dzikoje. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/10/2020.