Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus LC resident 1977 frequent A3
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii LC resident 1977 uncommon A3
Sykes's Nightjar Caprimulgus mahrattensis LC resident 1977 uncommon A3
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT winter 1987-1992 52-112 individuals A1, A4i, B1i
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC winter 1970-1977 3,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris NT resident 1977 2 breeding pairs B3
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT winter 1970-1977 1,000 individuals B1i
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola LC breeding 1977 2 breeding pairs B3
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC passage 1977 1,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii LC passage 1977 500 individuals B3
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans LC winter 1977 1,000 individuals B1i
Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi LC breeding 1977 present B3
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia LC passage 1977 110 individuals B1i
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii LC passage 1977 2,000 individuals B1i
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN resident 1977 27 individuals B2
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT resident 1977 9 individuals A1, B2
Sind Woodpecker Dendrocopos assimilis LC resident 1977 9 individuals A3, B3
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes LC resident 1977 frequent A3
Pale Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne obsoleta LC resident 1977 common A3
White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis LC resident 1977 abundant A3
Lesser Whitethroat Curruca curruca LC winter 1977 47 individuals B3
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha LC resident 1977 6 individuals A3, B3
Striolated Bunting Emberiza striolata LC resident 1977 12 individuals A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Govater Bay and Hur-e-Bahu Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 75,000 protected area overlaps with site 0
Gando Protected Area 441,312 is identical to site 0
Bahukalat (Gando) Protected Area 461,472 is identical to site 461,472


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Intertidal -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Forest Subtropical & tropical mangrove -
Shrubland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
fisheries/aquaculture -
rangeland/pastureland -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area. Downloaded from on 28/09/2023.