The site encompasses a region of salt basins, desertic plains and barren rocky hills rising to c.2,750 m in the south-east Zagros Mountains c.90 km south-west of Sirjan. Habitats include bare saline flats subject to flooding during exceptional rains, sandy plains with Zygophyllum steppe, dissected stony outwash plains with sparse Artemisia steppe, and sparsely vegetated rocky hills. Land ownership is public.
See box for key species. The avifauna is typical of Iran's southern deserts and barren hill ranges. Podoces pleskei is a fairly common resident in Zygophyllum steppe near Beshneh in the east. Other breeding species include Aquila chrysaetos, Falco pelegrinoides (probable), Alectoris chukar, Pterocles orientalis, Athene noctua, Coracias garrulus, C. benghalensis, Alaemon alaudipes and Lanius excubitor. Rare winter visitors include Falco columbarius, Asio otus and A. flammeus. Passage migrants include Aquila nipalensis, Falco peregrinus and Emberiza melanocephala (abundant). At least 65 species have been recorded in the reserve.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Caracal caracal (rare), Panthera pardus (rare), Gazella subgutturosa (rare), Gazella dorcas fuscifrons (V), Capra hircus aegagrus (rare) and Ovis ammon (rare). Equus hemionus (V) was present until at least the late 1970s.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bahram-e-Gour Protected Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2020.