IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC winter 1991-1992 3,490 individuals A4i, B1i
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus LC resident 1993 unknown A3
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius LC breeding 1993 unknown A3
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo LC winter 1993 60 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Crane Grus grus LC winter 1991-1993 2,000-2,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii VU resident 1975 < 50 breeding pairs A1, A3
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding 1993 60-300 individuals B1i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 1993 300-465 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii LC breeding 1993 unknown A3
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC breeding 1993 2,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 1993 3 individuals B2
Thick-billed Lark Ramphocoris clotbey LC resident 1993 unknown A3
Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha LC resident 1993 unknown A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1991-1992 20,000 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Not assessed low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Azraq Wetland Reserve محمية اراضي رطبة 7,424 protected area contained by site 1,200
Azraq Oasis Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 7,300 protected area contained by site 7,372


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Desert -
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
hunting -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Azraq. Downloaded from on 04/03/2024.