Atrush and Bania Area

Country/territory: Iraq

IBA Criteria met: A1 (2017)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 2,411 ha

Protection status:

Nature Iraq
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 high not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
The Atrush Area is the central and southern part of the delineation and includes diverse habitats, including a gorge, open land covered by poplar trees, and surrounding foothill woodlands. Bania (Sub-site D3C) is a mountainous area that includes the wooded and rocky valley to the north of the Atrush area. Deze and Balete villages lie near the Bedol stream that flows roughly north-south through the site. Near the center of the delineation (Atrush), where a smaller stream enters from the west, there are some archeological remains in a cliff overlooking the stream.

Key biodiversity
Additional Important Bird Observations: During the survey period, a total of 53 species was seen. European Roller Coracias garrulus (Near Threatened) was breeding though at a level that did not meet IBA thresholds. In addition the site had breeding populations of three Mediterranean and two Irano-Turanian biome-restricted species but these did not trigger inclusion under criterion A3. Other Important Fauna: No mammal or reptile surveys were conducted but five important fish species were observed during the one fish survey that took place in 2008: Alburnus mossulensis, Leuciscus vorax, Luciobarbus xanthopterus, Carassius auratus, and Garra rufa. Additional Plant & Habitat Information: Scleria ciliata and Stachus kermanshahensis were recorded for the first time in Iraq at Atrush. This site contains a good population of Pistacia eurycarpa, an economically and culturally important plant; Hordeum bulbosum, which is important as a genetic resource, and Anchusa italica, which is important as a traditional food.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Atrush and Bania Area. Downloaded from on 21/01/2020.