Country/territory: Saudi Arabia

IBA criteria met: A1, B2, B3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 1,220,000 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2013 low not assessed medium
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (baseline)
This huge area is a raised platform of old, dark sandstone rising 300-400 m above the undulating sandy plain which surrounds it. The ramparts are extremely broken and rocky, precipitous in places, but the plateau is flat. There is no permanent water and, apart from a flush of ephemeral plant growth after rains, vegetation is limited to drought-resistant shrubs (e.g. Haloxylon) and grasses with a few stunted Acacia trees.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. Other breeding species include Buteo rufinus, Aquila chrysaetos (probably 2-3 pairs), Cursorius cursor and Rhodopechys githaginea. This is one of the last areas in Arabia where Struthio camelus occurred and might be a possible reintroduction site.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Capra nubiana (I).

Data-sheet compiled by M. C. Jennings.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: At-Tubayq. Downloaded from on 04/06/2023.