TZ001
Arusha National Park and vicinity


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2001 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Maccoa Duck Oxyura maccoa EN non-breeding 1995 427 individuals A4i
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma LC non-breeding 1995 800 individuals A4i
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis LC non-breeding 1995 623 individuals A4i
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding 1992 220,000 individuals A1, A4i
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens LC resident 2000 present A3
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus LC resident 2000 present A3
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus LC resident 2000 present A3
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae LC resident 2000 present A3
Hartlaub's Turaco Tauraco hartlaubi LC resident 2000 present A3
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus NT resident 2000 present A3
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum LC resident 2000 present A3
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates LC resident 2000 present A3
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax LC resident 2000 present A3
Fischer's Lovebird Agapornis fischeri NT resident 2000 present A1
Red-throated Tit Melaniparus fringillinus LC resident 2000 present A1
Hunter's Cisticola Cisticola hunteri LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Mountain Yellow Warbler Iduna similis LC resident 2000 present A3
Cinnamon Bracken-warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus LC resident 2000 present A3
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Arizelocichla nigriceps LC resident 2000 present A3
Olive-headed Bulbul Arizelocichla striifacies LC resident 2000 present A3
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 2000 present A3
African Hill-babbler Sylvia abyssinica LC resident 2000 present A3
Kilimanjaro White-eye Zosterops eurycricotus LC resident 2000 present A3
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri LC resident 2000 present A3
Sharpe's Starling Pholia sharpii LC resident 2000 present A3
Kenrick's Starling Poeoptera kenricki LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Abbott's Starling Arizelopsar femoralis EN resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Orange Ground-thrush Geokichla gurneyi LC resident 2000 present A3
White-eyed Slaty-flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri LC resident 2000 present A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident 2000 present A3
Rüppell's Robin-Chat Cossypha semirufa LC resident 2000 present A3
Moorland Chat Pinarochroa sordida LC resident 2000 present A3
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze LC resident 2000 present A3
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Eastern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris mediocris LC resident 2000 present A3
Golden-winged Sunbird Drepanorhynchus reichenowi LC resident 2000 present A3
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-faced Crimsonwing Cryptospiza reichenovii LC resident 2000 present A3
Abyssinian Crimsonwing Cryptospiza salvadorii LC resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-bellied Waxbill Coccopygia quartinia LC resident 2000 present A3
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus LC resident 2000 present A3
East African Citril Crithagra hyposticta LC resident 2000 present A3
Thick-billed Seedeater Crithagra burtoni LC resident 2000 present A3
Streaky Seedeater Crithagra striolata LC resident 2000 present A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding 1992 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2001).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2009 unfavourable very high high
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Phoeniconaias minor Lesser Flamingo 220000 18000 mature individuals 9 very unfavourable

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Shrubland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Geological events volcanic eruptions likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution air-borne pollutants - type unknown/unrecorded past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - light pollution past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution excess energy - thermal pollution past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Meru Sakila Range Forest Plantation 604 protected area overlaps with site 0
Meru Kilinga Range Forest Plantation 1,293 protected area overlaps with site 0
Meru Forest Plantation 7,785 protected area overlaps with site 0
Arusha National Park National Park 11,178 protected area overlaps with site 32,840

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland -
Forest -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Arusha National Park and vicinity. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/arusha-national-park-and-vicinity-iba-tanzania on 25/02/2024.