Arkaly Mountains This is an IBA in Danger! 

Country/territory: Kazakhstan

IBA criteria met: A1 (2007)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 21,365 ha

Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity in Kazakhstan
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2017 very high near favourable negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (baseline)
The Arkaly range is situated in the frontier zone of south-eastern Kazakhstan, close to the Chinese border. The mountains constitute the southern branch, or rather a cut-off, of major Tarbagatai mountain range. The southern extremity of this small mountain chain lies on the eastern edge of the extensive Barmankum sands stretching further south-west to the eastern shore of Lake Alakol. The mountains are generally low, oriented south-west/north-east and approximately 26.6 x 8.4 km in size. The range lacks woody growth other than a negligible amount of sacttered willows growing by the side of infrequent and widely dispersed springs. The southern slope is cut by multiple gorges. The summit of the range has occasional outcroppings of rock ledges.

Key biodiversity
During a three year period of intra-seasonal ornithological study, 100 species were recorded. Passerines are typical with wheatears and buntings being the most numerous. The commonest breeding birds of prey are Saker, Steppe Eagle and Long-legged Buzzard.

Non-bird biodiversity: The harsh semi-desert landscape is relieved in a few places by scattered willow trees. Patches of Spirea bushes cover the floor of the gorges, as well depressions on the slopes.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Arkaly Mountains. Downloaded from on 30/05/2023.