Aqaba coast and mountains

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Desert Tawny Owl Strix hadorami LC resident 1993 rare B3
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes LC passage 1995-2000 3,000 individuals B2
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor VU breeding 1993 present B2
Arabian Warbler Curruca leucomelaena LC resident 1993 present B3
Arabian Babbler Argya squamiceps LC resident 1993 present B3
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii LC resident 1993 present B3
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha LC resident 1993 present B3
Sinai Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus LC winter 1993 present B2
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1993 50,000-99,999 individuals A4iv, B1iv

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Not assessed low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert Hot -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Intertidal -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
rangeland/pastureland -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Aqaba coast and mountains. Downloaded from on 09/12/2023.