Anzali Mordab complex

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN passage 1977 25 individuals A1
Mute Swan Cygnus olor LC winter 1977-1992 2,200-2,530 individuals A4i, B1i
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC winter 1977-1992 711-849 individuals A4i, B1i
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus LC winter 1977-1992 16-51 individuals A4i, B1i
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 1977 1,500 individuals B1i
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC winter 1970-1977 500 individuals A4i, B1i
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU winter 1977 32 individuals A1
Smew Mergellus albellus LC winter 1970-1977 382 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 1970-1977 65,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT passage 1977 130 individuals A1, B1i, B2
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 1970-1977 51 individuals B1i
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula LC winter 1970-1977 34,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Garganey Spatula querquedula LC passage 1977 3,850 individuals A4i, B1i
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter 1970-1977 24,300 individuals A4i, B1i
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC winter 1977-1992 7,850-14,900 individuals A4i, B1i
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC winter 1970-1977 30,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC winter 1970-1977 67,800 individuals A4i, B1i
Northern Pintail Anas acuta LC winter 1970-1977 55,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Teal Anas crecca LC winter 1970-1977 540,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC winter 1970-1977 260 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC winter 1970-1977 300 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 1970-1977 106,400 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC winter 1970-1977 250 individuals B1i
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC breeding 1977 150 breeding pairs B1i
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC passage 1977 900 individuals B1i
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis LC passage 1977 620 individuals B1i
Little Egret Egretta garzetta LC breeding 1977 150 breeding pairs B1i
Little Egret Egretta garzetta LC passage 1977 585 individuals A4i, B1i
Little Egret Egretta garzetta LC winter 1970-1977 300 individuals B1i
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 1977-1992 410-650 individuals A1, B1i, B2
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC passage 1977 4,200 individuals A4i, B1i
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus NT winter 1977-1992 2,710-5,630 individuals A4i, B1i
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius CR passage 1968-1969 1-8 individuals A1, A4i
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus LC passage 1977 112 individuals B1i
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 1970-1977 1,380 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC winter 1977 700 individuals B1i
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus LC winter 1970-1977 1,750 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus LC winter 1977-1992 1,000-2,510 individuals A4i, B1i
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 1977 2,000-4,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 1977 24 individuals A1, B2
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 1977 6 individuals B2
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC winter 1977 20 individuals A1, B2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1970-1977 500,000-999,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
1994 very high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Sorkhanhol Wildlife Refuge 4,477 protected area contained by site 1,214
Siahkeshim Protected Area 4,115 protected area contained by site 4,500
Selkeh Wildlife Refuge 238 protected area overlaps with site 238
Anzali Mordab (Talab) complex Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 15,000 protected area overlaps with site 15,000


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) -
Introduced vegetation -
Sea -
Coastline -
Grassland -
Shrubland -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
hunting -
fisheries/aquaculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Anzali Mordab complex. Downloaded from on 17/05/2022.