The northern section of the site is formed by the deltas of the Louros and Arachtos rivers. It consists of brackish lagoons, a sandy coastal strip, saltmarsh, reedbeds (Phragmites), wet meadows, mudflats and remnant patches of alluvial forest. The lagoons are all used as fisheries.
This is an important site for wintering ducks and geese, breeding, passage and wintering raptors and migratory waders. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aquila heliaca (non-breeding), Falco naumanni (passage), Gallinago media (passage).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The site is threatened by water-management schemes, large-scale work to improve fish production in the lagoons, intensive agriculture, hunting, and urban and industrial expansion. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.
National Partial International Partial10,500 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Limnothalassa Tsoukalio kai Valtos Rodias, 10,500 ha). 23,649 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Amvrakikos Gulf, 23,649 ha). 20,900 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Amvrakikos Kolpos, 21,239 ha).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Amvrakikos gulf. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2020.