Amvrakikos gulf This is an IBA in danger! 

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2000

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 1996 5,000-22,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 1996 25-100 breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C6
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter 1996 7,000-26,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC winter 1996 20,000-50,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Northern Pintail Anas acuta LC winter 1996 8,000-15,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Common Teal Anas crecca LC winter 1996 8,000-30,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC winter 1996 900-2,200 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 1996 20,000-47,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC breeding 1996 70-80 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC breeding 1996 6-10 breeding pairs B2, C6
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC passage 1996 400-1,200 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Ixobrychus minutus NR breeding 1996 30-60 breeding pairs C2, C6
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC breeding 1996 50-100 breeding pairs B2, C6
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC breeding 1996 80-150 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC breeding 1996 130-200 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C2
Egretta garzetta NR passage 1996 800-1,500 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT resident 1996 45-50 breeding pairs A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC winter 1996 1,200-1,800 individuals B1i, C3
Burhinus oedicnemus NR breeding 1996 8-30 breeding pairs B2, C6
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus NT breeding 1996 8-12 breeding pairs B1i, C3
Himantopus himantopus NR breeding 1996 220-360 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C2
Charadrius alexandrinus NR winter 1996 600-2,500 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Charadrius alexandrinus NR resident 1996 300-400 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C3
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris CR passage - rare A1, C1
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea NT passage 1996 2,000-6,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC passage 1996 3,000-8,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC winter 1996 800-2,300 individuals B1i, C3
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC breeding 1996 100-160 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 1996 400-550 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 1997 5-6 breeding pairs B2, C6
Sterna nilotica NR breeding 1996 80-120 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC resident 1996 45-90 breeding pairs C2
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 1996 3-4 individuals A1, C1
Calandrella brachydactyla NR breeding 1996 abundant B2, C6
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1996 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2019 very high not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Amvrakikos Kolpos, Limnothalassa Katafourko Kai Korakonisia Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 12,416 protected area overlaps with site 22,930
Amvrakikos Kolpos, Delta Lourou Kai Arachthou (Petra, Mytikas, Evryteri Periochi) Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 28,788 protected area overlaps with site 23,542
Amvrakikos gulf Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 23,649 protected area overlaps with site 22,626
Amvrakikos National Park 181,033 protected area contains site 26,275


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Standing brackish and salt water, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation, Fens, transition mires and springs -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Perennial crops, orchards and groves, Other urban and industrial areas -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches, Salt marshes, Lagoons -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Amvrakikos gulf. Downloaded from on 27/01/2020.