Amanos Mountains

Country/territory: Turkey

IBA Criteria met: A3, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 362,500 ha

Doga Dernegi
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 high near favourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
A high mountain ridge that forms the boundary between Mediterranean Turkey and the Syrian plateau. Wet areas at low altitude are clothed with dense deciduous forest; Pinus forest dominates the lower serpentine slopes. Extensive Quercus scrub occurs on the drier landward slopes, with dry grasslands and Cedrus at higher elevations. Human use of the area is limited to sheep-grazing and forestry. This area was treated in the previous international IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989) as Belen Geçidi (Belen pass) (former site TR059).

Key biodiversity
The majority of birds passing through site 005 (Bosphorus) during autumn and spring cross the Nur mountains, along with Turkish breeders. The only comprehensive autumn count was undertaken at the Belen pass over five weeks in 1976; few spring records are available. 6,203 Pelecanus onocrotalus, 3,303 Ciconia nigra, 82,887 C. ciconia and 26,756 raptors (mainly Pernis apivorus, Accipiter brevipes and Aquila pomarina) were counted. 9,950 Ciconia ciconia were counted over the Belen Pass on one day in spring 1992.

Raptors MOU - IBA listed under Table 3 of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Amanos Mountains. Downloaded from on 16/08/2022.