Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
A large wetland complex in central Estonia, comprised of raised bogs, fens, transition mires and unregulated rivers with flood-plain meadows, surrounded by extensive alluvial forests. The main land-use is forestry.

Key biodiversity
The most important breeding area for Gallinago media in Estonia, which also supports a rich assemblage of breeding species of mire, forest and wetland, notably the globally threatened Aquila clanga. Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (2 pairs). Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Pernis apivorus (5-7 pairs), Chlidonias niger (150-200 pairs), Caprimulgus europaeus (min. 20 pairs), Picus canus (min. 15 pairs). Numbers of breeding Tetrao tetrix (min. 75 pairs) are also notable.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threat lies in the overgrowth of flood-plain meadows with scrub, following abandonment of management. Research involves monitoring of birds.

Protected areas
National High International High25,850 ha of IBA covered by Nature Protection Area (Alam-Pedja, 26,000 ha). 25,850 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Alam-Pedja Nature Protection Area, 26,000 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Alam-Pedja. Downloaded from on 18/08/2022.