A large wetland complex in central Estonia, comprised of raised bogs, fens, transition mires and unregulated rivers with flood-plain meadows, surrounded by extensive alluvial forests. The main land-use is forestry.
The most important breeding area for Gallinago media in Estonia, which also supports a rich assemblage of breeding species of mire, forest and wetland, notably the globally threatened Aquila clanga. Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (2 pairs). Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Pernis apivorus (5-7 pairs), Chlidonias niger (150-200 pairs), Caprimulgus europaeus (min. 20 pairs), Picus canus (min. 15 pairs). Numbers of breeding Tetrao tetrix (min. 75 pairs) are also notable.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Alam-Pedja. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/02/2020.