Al Jadriyah and Umm Al Khanazeer island


Year of compilation: 1994

Site description
Al Jadriyah (c.200 ha) lies on the bank of the River Tigris within south-west Baghdad, and comprises irrigated cultivation (date palms, orchards, vegetables, cereals, cotton) with scrub and some livestock grazing. A large university campus was built on the site in the late 1970s, but much of the habitat described here was still present in 1981. Umm Al Khanazeer island (c.110 ha), lying in the Tigris and connected to Al Jadriyah by road bridge, is mostly used for recreation by the local population, and a tourist centre has recently been built there; parts of the western side are cultivated for vegetables and there are remnant patches of riverine thickets of Populus euphratica with Tamarix and other shrubs and scattered mulberry trees, especially along the banks.

Key biodiversity
Other breeding species include Vanellus indicus (42 pairs), V. leucurus (15 pairs), Psittacula krameri, Halcyon smyrnensis, Alcedo atthis, Ceryle rudis, Merops apiaster (50 pairs), M. superciliosus, Coracias benghalensis, Pycnonotus leucotis, Turdoides caudatus and Petronia xanthocollis. Rhodopechys obsoleta is a winter visitor. Most counts date from before the completion of the university at Al Jadriyah.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.



Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
No conservation measures are known to have been taken. Al Jadriyah is subject to wood-cutting and built development as well as general human disturbance; hunting is common. The woodland of Umm Al Khanazeer island is threatened by extensive wood collecting, fire and cultivation. No conservation measures are known to have been proposed.

Acknowledgements
Data-sheet compiled by Dr Hanna Y. Siman.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Al Jadriyah and Umm Al Khanazeer island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/10/2022.