Country/territory: Saudi Arabia

IBA criteria met: A1, B1i, B2 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 2,500 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed high low
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Site description (1994 baseline)
An artificial, permanently flowing river of treated effluent run-off, running for 50 km along Wadi Hanifah, 25 km south of Riyadh. The river flows mostly between rocky cliffs, incorporating many pools fringed with reeds and Tamarix. In several places wide lagoons are formed between sand-dunes, and there are some adjacent small and medium-sized pivot-irrigation farms.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. Other breeding species include Ixobrychus minutus, Ardeola ralloides, Ardea purpurea and Acrocephalus scirpaceus. Other wintering species include Ciconia nigra, Aquila clanga (20) and Circus aeruginosus (17). Over 220 species have been recorded.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Data-sheet compiled by P. Symens.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Al-Ha'ir. Downloaded from on 26/02/2024.