Country/territory: China (mainland)

IBA criteria met: A1, A2, A3 (2009)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 67,700 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2008 not assessed low medium
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2009 baseline)
Located in the central-northern section of the Ailao Shan mountain range, the IBA is the watershed of the Yuan Jiang, Babian Jiang and Amo Jaing rivers. The nature reserve was mainly established to protect the broadleaf evergreen forest ecosystem. It has 71.5% forest cover, and protects the largest area of broadleaf evergreen forest remaining in China, with many plants that are endemic to Yunnan.

Key biodiversity

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Ginkgo biloba, Tetracentron sinense and Calocedrus macrolepis. Animals include Neofelis nebulosa, Selenarctos thibetanus, Viverra zibetha, Viverricula indica, Prionodon pardicolor, Manis pentadactyla, Cervus unicolor, Naemorhedus goral, Presbytis phayrei, Hylobates concolor and Felis temmincki.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Ailaoshan. Downloaded from on 29/11/2023.