Evros delta

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2000

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Mute Swan Cygnus olor LC winter 1993 744 individuals B1i, C3
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis VU winter 1985 1,800-2,000 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU winter 1988 116 individuals A1, B1i, C1, C2
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC winter 1995 1,630 individuals B1i, C3
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC winter 1995 380 individuals B1i, C3
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC winter 1995 10,850 individuals B1i, C3
Common Teal Anas crecca LC winter 1995 13,400 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Phoenicopterus ruber NR winter 1997 5,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC passage - 7,500 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC passage 1997 500 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC passage 1997 abundant A4i, B1i, C2
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT winter 1995 164 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC passage 1997 2,600 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 1997 26,000 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC winter 1997 7,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus NT resident - present B1i, C3
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus NT winter 1995 212 individuals B1i, C3
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC winter 1995 460 individuals B1i, B2, C2, C6
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding 1997 100 breeding pairs B3, C6
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus LC breeding 1997 10 breeding pairs B2, C6
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris CR passage - 250 individuals A1, C1
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC winter 1995 2,300 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis LC passage 1992 380 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC breeding 1997 150-250 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus LC breeding 1997 250 breeding pairs B3, C2, C6
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 1997 200 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6
Sterna nilotica NR breeding 1997 60 breeding pairs B2, C6
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter - 10 individuals A1, C1
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster LC breeding - present B2
Calandrella brachydactyla NR breeding - present B2, C6
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter - 50,000-99,999 individuals A4iii, C4
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage - 7,500 individuals B1iv, C5

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Evros delta Protected Area 0 protected area overlaps with site 18,172
Evros Delta Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 9,267 protected area contained by site 8,930
Evros Delta National Park 19,182 protected area overlaps with site 18,173
Delta Evrou Kai Dytikos Vrachionas Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 9,858 protected area contained by site 9,858
Delta Evrou Dimon Tra┬┐anoupolis Ferron Wildlife Refugee 5,532 protected area contained by site 3,952
Delta Evrou Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 27,093 protected area contained by site 12,558


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Standing brackish and salt water, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
Coastline Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters, Salt marshes, Lagoons -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
military -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Evros delta. Downloaded from on 22/01/2020.