Lake Lanao

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2001 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Philippine Duck Anas luzonica VU resident 1900-1919 present A1
Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola VU resident 1900-1919 present A1
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis NT non-breeding 1900-1919 present A1
Giant Scops-owl Otus gurneyi VU resident 1900-1919 present A1, A2
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi CR resident 1969 present A1
Writhed Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus leucocephalus NT resident 1900-1930 present A2
Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia CR resident 1900-1919 present A1
Mindanao Lorikeet Trichoglossus johnstoniae NT resident 1900-1930 present A2
White-eared Tailorbird Orthotomus cinereiceps LC resident 1900-1930 present A2
Zamboanga Bulbul Hypsipetes rufigularis NT resident 1900-1949 present A2
Yellowish Bulbul Hypsipetes everetti LC resident 1900-1949 present A2
Rusty-crowned Babbler Sterrhoptilus capitalis LC resident 1900-1930 present A2
Bagobo Babbler Leonardina woodi LC resident 1964 present A2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1990-1999 min 20,000 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2001).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Salikata National Park 1,088 protected area overlaps with site 0
Sacred Mountain National Park 94 protected area contained by site 0
Pantuwaraya Lake National Park 20 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lake Lanao Watershed Reservation Watershed Forest Reserve 180,460 protected area overlaps with site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Forest -
Wetlands (inland) -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Lake Lanao. Downloaded from on 01/12/2023.