Mount Kaluayan - Mount Kinabalian Complex

Country/territory: Philippines

IBA criteria met: A1, A2 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 80,000 ha

Haribon Foundation

Site description (baseline)
This large IBA extends from Mt Kaluayan (Mt Lumot) in southern Misamis Oriental through south-eastern Bukidnon and along the border between Bukidnon and Agusan del Sur, east of the Pulangi river, to the Mt Kinabalian area. It comprises a large block of forest that is shown on recent forest cover maps. Mt Kaluayan is close to Mt Balatukan (PH091), and is a high mountain rising to 2,552 m. The rest of the mountains are relatively low, with Mt Kinabalian the highest peak in the south of the IBA at 1,672 m. Other peaks in the IBA include Mt Kimangkil. Old growth montane forest remains on the middle to upper slopes of these mountains. There are lowland forests on the lower slopes, which have been reported to be mainly secondary, although intact lowland dipterocarp forests were found at 490 m at Sitio Mayonhayon, Barangay Guibonon, Esperanza, Agusan del Sur in 1998.

Key biodiversity
Several of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded in or near to this IBA, but most of the mountains included in it are ornithologically unexplored. The extensive forests that are reported to remain in the IBA are likely to support many species of conservation concern, and could prove to be important for both the lowland and montane forest specialist species of the EBA.

Non-bird biodiversity: The montane forests on the northern slopes of Mt Lumot supports many endemic species, including 10 Mindanao mammalian endemics and 14 species of herpetofauna endemic to the Mindanao faunal region.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mount Kaluayan - Mount Kinabalian Complex. Downloaded from on 11/06/2023.