Tuchola Forest

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
The area is part of the great Tuchola `sandr' (outwash plain of glacial origin). The terrain is varied, with elevated plains, extensive hills, many hummocks, valleys and troughs, and is drained by the Brda river and its many tributaries (the largest being the Zbrzyca). Some of the rivers have steep gradients and strong flows. Of 60 lakes in this area, the largest is Charzykowskie lake (1,363 ha), and the deepest is Ostrowite lake (43 m deep). Many are flow-lakes, being part of the Brda river system, and most have low to moderate levels of nutrients. Forests are dominated by pine Pinus. On richer soils there are dry-ground forests of hornbeam Carpinus, birch Betula, beech Fagus and oak Quercus, and near watercourses and reservoirs there is riverside carr and forest of alder Alnus. There are fens, connected with rivers and lakes, as well as (in hollows) raised bogs and transitional mires.

Key biodiversity
An important wintering site for swans Cygnus (all three European species), which also holds 10% of the national population of Pandion haliaetus on passage. A total of 107 species have been recorded breeding; breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (three pairs).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Forestry work close to, or in, buffer zones designated for nesting Haliaeetus albicilla, Bubo bubo and Ciconia nigra disturbs these particular species, as does tourism/recreation.

Protected areas
National High International None4,789 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Bory Tucholskie, 4,789 ha). 41 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Bagno Stawek, 41 ha). 70 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Jezioro Laska, 70 ha). 38 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Jezioro Ma³e £owne, 38 ha). 11 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Jezioro Nawionek, 11 ha). 31,279 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Park (Zaborski, 31,279 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tuchola Forest. Downloaded from on 27/11/2022.