Coastal area of Eastern Gotland

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
The site comprises four main areas: Faludden (57°00'N 18°22'E˜1,810 ha), Grötlingboholme (57°07'N 18°30'E˜1,050 ha), Lausholmar (57°18'N 18°45'E˜540 ha) and Skenholmen (57°48'N 19°03'E˜700 ha). All four are situated on the eastern coast of Gotland and consist of very low-lying peninsulas and/or islands with a gravel-covered limestone foundation. Essentially treeless and covered mainly by short grassy vegetation used for grazing livestock. Lausholmar is used for military target practice outside of the breeding season.

Key biodiversity
Parts of the IBA are rich in breeding species; other areas are important as wintering grounds for Clangula hyemalis. The IBA as a whole supports large numbers of migrating swans and geese, and Grötlingboholme is the most important Baltic moulting ground for Anser anser.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Oil pollution (`Other' threat) is a regular occurrence (c.500 incidents in the Baltic Sea annually). The entire coastal area was surveyed during 1996 for its breeding birds.

Protected areas
National Partial International HighIBA overlaps with Bird Sanctuary (Furilden, 280 ha). IBA overlaps with Bird Sanctuary (Norsholmen, 115 ha). IBA overlaps with Bird Sanctuary (Ugnen, 280 ha). IBA overlaps with Bird Sanctuary (Vastergarus utholme, 52 ha). IBA overlaps with Nature Reserve (Grotlingboholme, 285 ha). IBA overlaps with Nature Reserve (Lans holmar, 580 ha). IBA overlaps with Nature Reserve (Rone Ytterholme, 228 ha). 4,100 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Gotland, east coast, 4,220 ha). IBA overlaps with Special Protection Area.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Coastal area of Eastern Gotland. Downloaded from on 17/01/2021.