Firmihin near Jabal Keseslah, Socotra

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2014

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Socotra Scops-owl Otus socotranus LC resident 1999-2011 present A2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN resident 1999-2011 1-4 breeding pairs A1
Socotra Buzzard Buteo socotraensis VU resident 1999-2011 min 11 breeding pairs A1, A2
Socotra Warbler Incana incana LC resident 1999-2011 present A2
Socotra Starling Onychognathus frater LC resident 1999-2011 present A2
Socotra Sunbird Chalcomitra balfouri LC resident 1999-2011 present A2
Socotra Sparrow Passer insularis LC resident 1999-2011 present A2
Socotra Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus socotranus LC resident 1999-2011 present A2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 medium not assessed negligible
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Socotra Archipelago World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 410,460 protected area contains site 900


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
Shrubland -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Firmihin near Jabal Keseslah, Socotra. Downloaded from on 09/07/2020.