Jabal Ma'alah / Ma'alah Plateau, Socotra

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2014

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Socotra Scops-owl Otus socotranus LC resident 2000-2006 present A2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN resident 2000-2006 1-2 breeding pairs A1
Socotra Buzzard Buteo socotraensis VU resident 2000-2007 1-2 breeding pairs A1, A2
Socotra Warbler Incana incana LC resident 2000-2006 present A2
Socotra Cisticola Cisticola haesitatus NT resident 2000-2006 min 1,000 individuals A2
Socotra Starling Onychognathus frater LC resident 2000-2006 present A2
Socotra Sunbird Chalcomitra balfouri LC resident 2000-2006 present A2
Socotra Sparrow Passer insularis LC resident 2000-2006 present A2
Socotra Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus socotranus LC resident 2000-2006 present A2
Socotra Bunting Emberiza socotrana NT resident 2000-2006 1-19 breeding pairs A1, A2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 medium favourable negligible
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture 1 1 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Buteo socotraensis Socotra Buzzard 1 1 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Cisticola haesitatus Socotra Cisticola 1000 1000 individuals 100 favourable
Emberiza socotrana Socotra Bunting 10 10 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Socotra Archipelago World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 410,460 protected area overlaps with site 10,000


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Coastline -
Sea -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland -
other -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jabal Ma'alah / Ma'alah Plateau, Socotra. Downloaded from on 28/09/2022.