Eşmekaya Marshes

IBA Justification

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2004

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population at site IBA criteria triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN breeding 1998 2 breeding pairs A1, B2
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC winter 1993 19,400 individuals A4i, B1i
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC winter 1996 345 individuals B1i
Common Crane Grus grus LC winter 1993 39 individuals B1i
Common Crane Grus grus LC breeding 1994 6 breeding pairs B1i
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC passage 1994 9,550 individuals A4i, B1i
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus LC breeding 1989-1996 10 breeding pairs B2
Common Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica LC breeding 1998 50-70 breeding pairs B2
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC breeding 1989-1996 15 breeding pairs B3
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding - 12 breeding pairs A1
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1993 21,327 individuals A4iii

Note: The current IUCN Red List category may differ from the category that was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment.

For more information about the IBA criteria, please click here

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation status - summary
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2016 high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site assessed? yes Condition (state) assessed by habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of the site (state), by habitat
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation 0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at the site (response)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Tuz Golu OCKB Specially Protected Area of Marine Importance (Barcelona Convention) 741,440 is identical to site 0
Esmekaya Sazligi SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 11,250 protected area contained by site 11,250


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Water fringe vegetation -
Other -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
For further information about the IUCN habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
water management -
hunting -
not utilised -
For further information about the land-use classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Eşmekaya Marshes. Downloaded from on 07/06/2023.