Eşmekaya Marshes

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2004

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN breeding 1998 2 breeding pairs A1, B2
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC winter 1993 19,400 individuals A4i, B1i
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC winter 1996 345 individuals B1i
Common Crane Grus grus LC winter 1993 39 individuals B1i
Common Crane Grus grus LC breeding 1994 6 breeding pairs B1i
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC passage 1994 9,550 individuals A4i, B1i
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus LC breeding 1989-1996 10 breeding pairs B2
Common Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica LC breeding 1998 50-70 breeding pairs B2
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC breeding 1989-1996 15 breeding pairs B3
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding - 12 breeding pairs A1
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1993 21,327 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation 0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Tuz Golu OCKB Specially Protected Area of Marine Importance (Barcelona Convention) 741,440 is identical to site 0
Esmekaya Sazligi SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 11,250 protected area contained by site 11,250


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Water fringe vegetation -
Other -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
water management -
hunting -
not utilised -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Eşmekaya Marshes. Downloaded from on 02/07/2022.