Jabal Bura

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2013

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala LC resident 1985-1986 common A3, B3
Bubo africanus NR resident 1995-2011 present B2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN passage 1993 70 individuals A1
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN resident 1993 1 breeding pairs A1
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN winter 1993 12 individuals A1
Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus EN non-breeding 1995-2011 uncommon A1, B2
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC resident 1985-1986 min 10 individuals B2
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis EN passage 1985-1986 min 200 individuals B2
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU passage 1985-1986 min 1 individuals A1
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 1995-2011 present B2
Verreaux's Eagle Aquila verreauxii LC resident 1995-2011 present B2
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata LC resident 1995-2011 present B2
Gabar Goshawk Micronisus gabar LC resident 1993 rare B2
Shikra Accipiter badius LC resident 1995-2011 present B2
Arabian Woodpecker Dendropicos dorae NT resident 1985-1986 uncommon A1, A3
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 1985-1986 common A3
Arabian Warbler Curruca leucomelaena LC resident 1985-1986 uncommon B3
Abyssinian White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus LC resident 1995-2011 present A3
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii LC resident 1985-1986 common A3
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis LC winter 1993 uncommon B3
Oenanthe lugens NR resident 1985-1986 uncommon A3
Arabian Sunbird Cinnyris hellmayri LC resident 1995-2011 present A3
Rüppell's Weaver Ploceus galbula LC resident 1995-2011 present A3
Arabian Waxbill Estrilda rufibarba LC resident 1985-1986 common A2
Yemen Serin Crithagra menachensis LC resident 1995-2011 present A2, A3
Yemen Linnet Linaria yemenensis LC resident 1985-1986 uncommon A2, A3
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1985-1986 min 3,000 individuals B1iv

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 very high not assessed negligible
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
Shrubland -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland -
tourism/recreation -
forestry -
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jabal Bura. Downloaded from on 02/04/2023.