Bahrat Homs

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter 1992 30 individuals A1
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris NT winter 1992 20 individuals A1
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT passage 1982 250-300 individuals B2
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 1992 6,000 individuals A4i, B2
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula LC winter 1992 8,000 individuals A4i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC winter 1992 250 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1992 20,000-47,500 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2014 not assessed very high negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal & intermittent freshwater lakes, Permanent freshwater lakes, Permanent freshwater marshes & pools, Permanent rivers, streams & creeks, Seasonal & intermittent freshwater marshes & pools -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Pasture land, Urban areas -
Grassland Temperate -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
fisheries/aquaculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
tourism/recreation -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Bahrat Homs. Downloaded from on 04/10/2023.