Sabkhat al-Jabboul This is an IBA in danger! 

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC passage 1993 400 individuals B1i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC winter 1993 300 individuals B1i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC winter 1975-1977 6,000-8,000 individuals A4i
Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii VU resident 1993 present B2
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni NT breeding 1975 unknown B2
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei LC breeding 1993 present B3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1970-1993 20,000 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2018 very high not assessed high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Sabkhat al-Jabbul Nature Reserve Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 10,000 protected area contained by site 10,000
Sabkhat al Jabboul Protected Area 320 protected area overlaps with site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Temperate -
Wetlands (inland) Permanent inland deltas, Permanent rivers, streams & creeks, Permanent saline, brackish & alkaline lakes, Permanent saline/brackish/alkaline marshes & pools, Seasonal/intermitt salt/brackish/alkali lake/flats, Seasonal/intermitt salt/brackish/alkali marsh/pool -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Pasture land, Urban areas -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
military -
urban/industrial/transport -
hunting -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sabkhat al-Jabboul. Downloaded from on 06/12/2022.