Farasan Islands

IBA Justification

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population at site IBA criteria triggered
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC breeding 1993 10 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC winter 1990-1992 59-82 individuals A4i, B1i
Goliath Heron Ardea goliath LC resident 1993 1-4 breeding pairs B1i, B2
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster LC breeding 1993 150 breeding pairs B1ii
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus LC winter 1990-1992 180-310 individuals B1i
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC winter 1990-1992 351-500 individuals A4i, B1i
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC winter 1990-1992 307-354 individuals B1i
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola LC resident 1993 110 breeding pairs B3
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus LC breeding 1993 10,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii LC resident 1993 545 individuals B3
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus LC non-breeding 1992 21 individuals B2
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus LC breeding 1993 300 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus LC breeding 1993 12,150 individuals A4i, B1i
Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi LC resident 1993 20 breeding pairs B3
Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi LC winter 1990-1992 365-595 individuals A4i, B1i, B3
White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa LC breeding 1993 8,300 individuals A4i, B1i, B3
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN resident 1992 20-65 breeding pairs B2
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor VU breeding 1993 32 breeding pairs B2

Note: The current IUCN Red List category may differ from the category that was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment.

For more information about the IBA criteria, please click here

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation status - summary
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2013 low not assessed low
Was the whole site assessed? yes Condition (state) assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at the site (response)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Not assessed low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Farasan Islands محمية موارد مستغلة 540,800 is identical to site 331,000


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Shrubland -
Forest -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For further information about the IUCN habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
nature conservation and research -
other -
hunting -
For further information about the land-use classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Farasan Islands. Downloaded from on 30/05/2023.