Umm al-Qamari

Country/territory: Saudi Arabia

IBA Criteria met: A4i, B1i, B3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 15 ha

Protection status:

Saudi Wildlife Authority
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 medium not assessed medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Two small, flat, fossil-coral islands in the Red Sea (12 ha and 2.7 ha), south-west of Qunfudah town. Rainfall is light and erratic, but there is often a heavy dew and the islands are exceedingly well vegetated, with thickets up to 3 m tall of Salvadora and Suaeda; on more open ground there is Cyperus, Atriplex and Zygophyllum.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. Other breeding birds include Butorides striatus (2 pairs), Egretta gularis (7 pairs), Pandion haliaetus (2 pairs) and Streptopelia roseogrisea (c.500 pairs). Small numbers of Pelecanus rufescens roost on the beaches in winter.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Umm al-Qamari. Downloaded from on 21/10/2020.