IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT resident 1993 frequent A1, B1i, B2
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 1990-1991 36-69 individuals A1, B1i, B2
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea LC winter 1990-1991 278-366 individuals B1i
Little Egret Egretta garzetta LC winter 1990-1991 319-340 individuals B1i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC winter 1990-1991 185-276 individuals B1i
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 1990-1991 18-24 individuals A1, B2
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 1993 uncommon B2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Not assessed low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Al-Ha’ir Wetland محمية 12,353 protected area contained by site 500


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Desert -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
agriculture -
water management -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Al-Ha'ir. Downloaded from on 10/12/2023.