Gulf of Salwah

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC winter 1992 1,086 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC winter 1992 2,378 individuals A4i, B1i
Western Reef-egret Egretta gularis LC resident 1992 100 breeding pairs B1i
Western Reef-egret Egretta gularis LC winter 1992 130-486 individuals B1i
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis VU breeding 1992 11,000 breeding pairs A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans LC winter 1992 560-2,500 individuals B1i
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus LC breeding 1992 1,000 breeding pairs B1i
White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa LC breeding 1992 2,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis LC breeding 1992 2,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 1993 16,100 breeding pairs A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed low negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Desert -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -
fisheries/aquaculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
tourism/recreation -
other -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Gulf of Salwah. Downloaded from on 23/02/2024.