QA001
Al-Dhakira mangrove


Year of compilation: 1994

Site description
A sheltered set of bays adjacent to the town of Al-Dhakira, with dense stands of mangrove Avicennia marina (c.1,000 ha or less), broad mudflats (tidal amplitude is less than 2 m) and saltmarsh vegetation. The bay is largely protected from open sea to the east by a spit. Longshore drift is north to south. Possibly an important spawning and nursery area for economically valuable fish and shrimp stocks. Some artisanal fishing occurs, and the mangrove is grazed by camels.



Key biodiversity
The site has not yet been comprehensively surveyed, but it may be important for wintering or passage waterbirds, including Platalea leucorodia (max. 22), Phoenicopterus ruber (max. 'low hundreds'), duck (max. 'low hundreds'), and, offshore, Sterna anaethetus (max. 'low hundreds').

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.



Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The site has been protected with booms during major oil spills in the past, but the site has no formal recognition or protection as a wildlife conservation area. Camel-grazing of the mangrove is a problem locally; in the future, land reclamation and recreational disturbance may become problems as the adjacent town grows to support a new industrial town to the north, and oil spills are always a threat although the topography of the site provides fairly good protection.



Acknowledgements
Data-sheet compiled by Bob Nation.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Al-Dhakira mangrove. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/08/2022.