Barr al Hikman

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC winter 1989-1992 4,574-9,300 individuals A4i, B1i
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea LC winter 1989-1992 345-600 individuals B1i
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC winter 1989-1992 113-340 individuals B1i
Western Reef-egret Egretta gularis LC winter 1989-1992 874-1,858 individuals B1i
Western Reef-egret Egretta gularis LC resident 1993 90 breeding pairs B1i
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC winter 1989-1992 3,507-8,200 individuals A4i, B1i
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis VU non-breeding 1990-1992 8,043-15,000 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Haematopus ostralegus NR winter 1989-1992 4,547-10,700 individuals A4i, B1i
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola LC winter 1989-1992 1,064-2,600 individuals A4i, B1i
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus LC winter 1989-1992 2,289-5,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii LC winter 1989-1992 498-800 individuals B1i
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC winter 1989-1992 1,290-3,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus LC winter 1989-1991 427-950 individuals A4i, B1i
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris CR winter 1990 3 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata NT winter 1989-1992 948-1,750 individuals A4i, B1i
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT winter 1989-1992 30,973-50,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC winter 1989-1992 1,311-1,724 individuals A4i, B1i
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris EN winter 1989-1992 450-1,200 individuals A4i, B1i
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus LC winter 1989-1992 2,283-5,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea NT winter 1989-1992 8,086-15,300 individuals A4i, B1i
Sanderling Calidris alba LC winter 1989-1992 4,495-11,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Dunlin Calidris alpina LC winter 1989-1992 22,003-60,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC winter 1989-1992 10,321-15,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus LC winter 1989-1992 327-608 individuals B1i
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia LC winter 1989-1992 1,001-3,200 individuals B1i
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC winter 1989-1992 9,393-13,200 individuals A4i, B1i
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola LC winter 1989-1992 1,419-3,000 individuals A4i, B1i, B3
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC winter 1989-1992 23,609-50,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus LC winter 1989-1992 653-1,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii LC resident 1993 75-100 breeding pairs B3
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii LC winter 1989-1992 8,989-28,500 individuals A4i, B1i, B3
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus LC winter 1991 14,700 individuals A4i, B1i
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus LC breeding 1993 1,500-2,500 breeding pairs B1i
Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi LC breeding 1993 20 breeding pairs B3
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia LC winter 1989-1992 461-1,400 individuals A4i, B1i
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC breeding 1993 10 breeding pairs A4i, B2
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC winter 1991 3,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis LC winter 1990-1992 1,013-3,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC winter 1989-1992 16,689-45,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii LC winter 1989-1992 1,682-4,100 individuals B1i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1989-1992 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Desert -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
rangeland/pastureland -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Barr al Hikman. Downloaded from on 07/12/2023.