Hisma Basin - Rum

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2000

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi LC resident 1999 20-35 breeding pairs A3
Desert Tawny Owl Strix hadorami LC resident 1999 5 breeding pairs A3, B3
Pharaoh Eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus LC resident 1999 1 breeding pairs A3
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus NT resident 1965-1983 1 breeding pairs B2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN non-breeding 1993 frequent B2
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor VU breeding 1999 3 breeding pairs A3, B2
Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis LC resident 1999 25-55 breeding pairs A3
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes LC resident 1999 2 breeding pairs A3
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura LC resident 1999 100-200 breeding pairs A3
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti LC resident 1999 470-800 breeding pairs A3
Pale Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne obsoleta LC resident 1999 85-175 breeding pairs A3
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta LC resident 1999 190-320 breeding pairs A3
Arabian Babbler Argya squamiceps LC resident 1993 unknown A3
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii LC resident 1999 10-20 breeding pairs A3
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha LC resident 1999 15-25 breeding pairs A3, B3
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti LC resident 1999 5-15 breeding pairs A3
Buff-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe moesta LC resident 1999-2001 unknown A3
Blackstart Oenanthe melanura LC resident 1999 1-5 breeding pairs A3
White-crowned Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga LC resident 1999 250-440 breeding pairs A3
Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens LC resident 1999 120-210 breeding pairs A3
Sinai Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus LC resident 1999 90-170 breeding pairs B2
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus LC resident 1999 200-340 breeding pairs A3
Striolated Bunting Emberiza striolata LC resident 1999 35-65 breeding pairs A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 medium not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Wadi Rum Protected Area World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 74,180 protected area contained by site 73,128


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert -
Shrubland -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
rangeland/pastureland -
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hisma Basin - Rum. Downloaded from on 19/08/2022.