IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Common Crane Grus grus LC winter 1993 1,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 1993 1-5 individuals B2
Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis LC resident 1975-1977 max 1 breeding pairs A3
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes LC resident 1975-1977 90 breeding pairs A3
Thick-billed Lark Ramphocoris clotbey LC resident 1975-1977 1 individuals A3
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura LC resident 1975-1977 < 50 breeding pairs A3
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti LC resident 1975-1977 20 breeding pairs A3
Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha LC resident 1975-1977 280 breeding pairs A3
White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis LC resident 1999-2001 < 50 individuals A3
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta LC resident 1975-1977 55 breeding pairs A3
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti LC resident 1975-1977 125 breeding pairs A3
Buff-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe moesta LC resident 1975-1977 1 breeding pairs A3
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus LC resident 1975-1977 25 breeding pairs A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed low medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Not assessed medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Shaumari Wildlife Reserve محمية طبيعية 2,091 protected area contained by site 2,200
Azraq Desert Forest and Rangeland Reserve 30,000 protected area contained by site 30,000


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert -
Forest -
Shrubland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
rangeland/pastureland -
tourism/recreation -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Shaumari. Downloaded from on 22/02/2024.