IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2000

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC winter 1991-1992 3,490 individuals A4i, B1i
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus LC resident 1993 unknown A3
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius LC breeding 1993 unknown A3
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo LC winter 1993 60 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Crane Grus grus LC winter 1991-1993 2,000-2,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii VU resident 1975 < 50 breeding pairs A1
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding 1993 60-300 individuals B1i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 1993 300-465 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii LC breeding 1993 unknown A3
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC breeding 1993 2,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 1993 3 individuals B2
Thick-billed Lark Ramphocoris clotbey LC resident 1993 unknown A3
Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha LC resident 1993 unknown A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1991-1992 20,000 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Azraq Wetland Reserve محمية اراضي رطبة 7,424 protected area contained by site 1,200
Azraq Oasis Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 7,300 protected area contained by site 7,372


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Desert -
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
hunting -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Azraq. Downloaded from on 20/08/2022.