Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi LC resident 1991 50 breeding pairs B3
Common Crane Grus grus LC passage 1991 250-400 individuals A4i, B1i
Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii VU resident 1991 3 breeding pairs B2
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC passage 1991 200 individuals B1i
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC passage 1991 8,200-33,400 individuals A4i, B1i, B2
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei LC winter 1991 1-5 individuals B3
Desert Tawny Owl Strix hadorami LC resident 1991 2-5 breeding pairs B3
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN breeding 1991 24 breeding pairs B2
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC resident 1991 3 breeding pairs B2
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC winter 1991 60-100 individuals B2
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor VU breeding 1991 20 breeding pairs B2
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus LC resident 1991 3-7 breeding pairs B2
Arabian Babbler Argya squamiceps LC resident 1991 7 breeding pairs B3
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha LC winter 1991 4 individuals B3
Sinai Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus LC resident 1991 10 breeding pairs B2
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1991 36,000 individuals A4iv, B1iv

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Mazuq HaZinnim Nature Reserve 61,956 protected area overlaps with site 12,970
Helmoniyyot Rekhes Boqer Nature Reserve 50 protected area contained by site 50
Har Ha Negev Nature Reserve 102,349 unknown 0
Gan Hapsalim National Park 2,527 protected area overlaps with site 0
En Avdat National Park 490 protected area overlaps with site 0
Avdat National Park 201 protected area overlaps with site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater springs & oases -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Plantations -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military -
rangeland/pastureland -
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands. Downloaded from on 02/10/2023.