Northern Arava valley

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi LC resident 1991 present B3
Garganey Spatula querquedula LC passage 1991 2,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Crane Grus grus LC passage 1991 2,600 individuals A4i, B1i
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC passage 1991 350-1,000 individuals A4i, B1i
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC passage 1991 12,000-18,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC passage 1991 143 individuals A4i, B1i
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris LC winter 1991 1 individuals B2
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC passage 1991 300 individuals B1i
Desert Tawny Owl Strix hadorami LC resident 1991 1-2 breeding pairs B3
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos EN non-breeding 1991 present B2
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes LC passage 1991 15,000 individuals B2
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor VU breeding 1991 1 breeding pairs B2
Arabian Warbler Curruca leucomelaena LC resident 1991 20-40 breeding pairs B3
Arabian Babbler Argya squamiceps LC resident 1991 200 breeding pairs B3
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii LC resident 1991 present B3
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha LC resident 1991 2-15 breeding pairs B3
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus LC breeding 1991 15-35 breeding pairs B3
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1991 29,950-36,600 individuals A4iv, B1iv

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Nahal Shezaf Nature Reserve 5,260 protected area contained by site 0
Midbar Yehuda Nature Reserve 53,472 protected area overlaps with site 0
Makhteshim En Yahav Nature Reserve 27,323 protected area overlaps with site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Shrubland -
Savanna -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Northern Arava valley. Downloaded from on 24/03/2023.