Yeşilırmak Delta

Country/territory: Turkey

IBA Criteria met: B1i, B2 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 20,120 ha

Doga Dernegi
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 high near favourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Part of the largest delta on the Turkish Black Sea coast, the majority of which is now under agriculture. The IBA comprises the largest remaining wetland˜the Simenlik-Akgöl lake complex˜a 1,900-ha area in the eastern part of the delta of which 200 ha is open water (max. depth 3 m), and the remainder is reed Phragmites and marsh vegetation. Also included are dunes and Cladium fen communities. Reed-cutting takes place (`Other' land-use).

Key biodiversity
The site is important for breeding waterbirds and congregations of wintering wildfowl. The majority of the latter are forced to spend the day at sea as a result of human disturbance, returning to feed in the delta at night. No information is available on the natural importance of the delta prior to large-scale drainage.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Yeşilırmak Delta. Downloaded from on 14/08/2022.