Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 1977-1992 2,200-2,600 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC winter 1970-1977 1,600 individuals A4i, B1i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC winter 1977-1992 45-666 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 1970-1977 4,110 individuals A4i, B1i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 1977 5-10 breeding pairs B1i, B2
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter 1970-1977 10,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC winter 1970-1977 13,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC winter 1970-1977 5,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC winter 1970-1977 36,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Northern Pintail Anas acuta LC winter 1970-1977 300,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Anas crecca NR winter 1970-1977 222,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus LC resident 1977 34 breeding pairs A3
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius LC breeding 1977 present A3
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC breeding 1977 120 breeding pairs B1i
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris LC breeding 1973 20-30 breeding pairs B1i, B2
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC winter 1970-1977 2,150 individuals A4i, B1i
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT winter 1977-1992 75-88 individuals A1, A4i, B1i
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC winter 1970-1977 1,300 individuals A4i, B1i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC winter 1977 100 individuals B1i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 1977 100 breeding pairs B1i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC passage 1977 790 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT non-breeding 1977 550 individuals B1i
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 1970-1977 300 individuals B1i
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus LC winter 1970-1977 2,860 individuals A4i, B1i
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 1977 300-400 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT resident 1977 5 breeding pairs A1, B2
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 1977 5 individuals B2
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC winter 1977 13 individuals A1, B2
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes LC resident 1977 common A3
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura LC resident 1977 abundant A3
Sykes's Warbler Iduna rama LC breeding 1977 abundant A3
Pale Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne obsoleta LC breeding 1977 frequent A3
White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis LC resident 1977 common A3
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca LC passage 1977 25 individuals B3
Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus LC breeding 1977 frequent A3
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus LC resident 1977 uncommon B3
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps LC breeding 1977 uncommon A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1970-1977 500,000-999,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
1994 medium not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Hamun-e-Saberi & Hamun-e-Helmand Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 50,000 protected area contained by site 50,000
Hamoun Protected Area 293,030 protected area contains site 193,500


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Desert -
Wetlands (inland) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
rangeland/pastureland -
other -
fisheries/aquaculture -
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand. Downloaded from on 20/10/2021.