A rugged area of the Zagros Mountains (c.1,500 m to 2,655 m) immediately north-east of the city of Shiraz. The massif has spectacular cliffs and crags and is surrounded by broad steppic outwash plains. The dominant vegetation throughout is Artemisia steppe.
See box for key species. The breeding avifauna is typical of the rather barren steppic mountain ranges of the southern Zagros. Other notable breeding species include Apus affinis, Melanocorypha bimaculata and Scotocerca inquieta. At least 54 species have been recorded in the reserve.
The area was first protected as the Bamou Protected Region (67,188 ha), established in 1962. This was reduced in size to 48,075 ha and given National Park status in the early 1970s. No threats are known.
Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.