This desert site lies at c.900-1,200 m on the south-west edge of the Central Plateau near the city of Yazd. No detailed information is available on the habitat, etc. Land ownership is public.
See box for key species. An important breeding area for Chlamydotis undulata. Other breeding species include Buteo rufinus, Aquila chrysaetos, Falco tinnunculus, Alectoris chukar, Cursorius cursor, Pterocles orientalis, Columba livia and Athene noctua. Passage migrants include Buteo buteo, Aquila nipalensis, Accipiter nisus and Asio flammeus (rare).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Established as a Protected Area in 1991 to protect the large population of Chlamydotis undulata. There is no information on threats.
Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kalmand Protected Area. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 19/01/2022.