Karkheh river marshes

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus LC resident 1977 common B2
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris NT winter 1977 250 individuals A1, A4i, B1i
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT winter 1977 62 individuals A1
Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus LC breeding 1977 10 breeding pairs B3
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus LC resident 1977 4 breeding pairs B3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Karkheh Protected Area 13,995 protected area overlaps with site 9,427
Karkheh Wildlife Refuge 5,026 protected area overlaps with site 3,600


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Forest -
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Karkheh river marshes. Downloaded from on 30/11/2023.